MEG4: The new standards of mooring ropes
The updated MEG4 represents the output of a multi-discipline working group representing members of various shipping trade organizations, mooring line manufacturers, shipyards, and OCIMF members. Before the MEG4 there was no industry guidance on condition-based monitoring of mooring lines and tails. The new MEG has strived to provide guidance and clarity on the condition-monitoring of mooring lines. Below is a list of some new terms that will be introduced in MEG4.
New terminology during the revision of MEG4
Ship Design Minimum Breaking Load - SDMBL. The minimum breaking load of new, dry mooring lines for which a ship's mooring system is designed, to meet OCIMF standard environmental criteria restraint requirements. The SDMBL is the core parameter against which all the other components of a ship's mooring system are sized and designed with defined tolerances.
Line Design Break Force - LDBF. LDBF is the minimum force that a new, dry, spliced mooring line will break at when tested according to appendix B. This is for all mooring lines and tail materials except those manufactured from nylon which is tested wet and spliced. This value is declared by the manufacturer on each line's mooring line certificate (see appendix B) and is stated on a manufacturer's line datasheet. As outlined in appendix B, when selecting lines, the LDBF of a line shall be 100%–105% of the SDMBL.
Tail Design Break Force - TDBF. TDBF is the minimum force that a new, dry, spliced mooring tail will break at when tested according to appendix B. This is for all mooring lines and tail materials except those manufactured from nylon which is tested wet and spliced. This value is declared by the manufacturer on each line's mooring line certificate (see appendix B) and is stated on a manufacturer's line datasheet. As outlined in appendix B, when selecting lines, the TDBF of a line shall be 125%–130% of the SDMBL. The TDBF for nylon mooring lines should be specified as break tested wet because nylon tails change strength characteristics once exposed to water.
Working Load Limit – WLL (instead SWL). The maximum load that a mooring line should be subjected to in operational service, calculated from the standard environmental criteria. The WLL is expressed as a percentage of ship design MBL and should be used as a limiting value in both ship design and operational mooring analyses. During operation, the WLL should not be exceeded.
- Steel wire ropes have a WLL of 55% of the SDMBL
- Cordage (synthetic) have a WLL of 50% of the SDMBL
Line Management Plan - LMP. LMP is used to manage the operation and retirement of mooring lines and tails. The LMP also documents the requirements, assumptions and evaluation methods used in determining the line retirement criteria. The LMP is specific to an operator, ship type, mooring line type and trade route.
Mooring System Management Plan – MSMP. The MSMP which will complement the ship's SMS. Through a 'goal-based' approach core elements of the mooring system are identified, against which high level 'goals' are established supported by more detailed 'functional requirements.
New standards for purchasing mooring line with MEG4
AIM: To select the right mooring line
With the MEG3 standard the criteria were only:
With MEG4 there are, furthermore, new criteria:
- Load bearing linear tenacity
- Type of Vessel, frequency, and type of mooring.
- Line tenacity
- Axial compression resistance
- Temperatures conditions
- Specifications of the vessel’s mooring equipment
- Material (no brand’s name)
- The replacement reason for mooring line and more.
New philosophy of inspection and monitoring of mooring lines after the MEG4 revision
AIM: To minimize the risk of failure of mooring lines and increase the safety of the crew
New standards of inspection-monitoring:
i) Environmental criteria
- Direction & force of wind and current
- Swell of sea
ii) Other criteria
- Type of work of line (ex. spring, head, breast, stern, etc.)
- Hours of working operations
- Type of mooring operation (ex. STS, Open seaport, etc.)
- Type of mooring equipment (ex. chock, fairlead, rollers and other deck fittings.)
- Protection of mooring lines (ex. chafe sleeves, protectors, etc.)
- Construction & specification of mooring line or tail from the manufacturer and more
The 3 step solution
First step: Planning
Support for optimal mooring line selection and LMP according to MEG4. The ropemaker experts will be assigned to your project and will work closely with your managers.
The support offered includes conference calls, on-site visits from the assigned sales account manager as well as from an expert Engineer.
Furthermore, we will follow up whenever changes in specifications or production schedules are applied, in order to fully serve your project's specific requirements.
Second step: Training
Training courses from ropemaker experts can train your crew and executives in safety, maintenance, inspection, and management of your mooring lines according to OCIMF MEG4, IMO & ISO/CI standards.
The training courses are designed to provide you with increased crew safety and improved management of your mooring ropes.
The training courses include instructional videos and presentations, easy-to-fill checklists for onboard procedures and online technical support.
Third step: Monitoring
Ropemakers must help you assess the condition of your mooring lines worldwide, at any time. Rope Technicians can perform onboard visual quality inspections and audit your mooring operation. After the inspection, you will receive a comprehensive official inspection report about the condition of your mooring lines and recommendations for your mooring operation.
Also monitoring software from makers of ropes can be used to track line usage & condition to reliably prevision the replacement of your mooring lines & tails according to MEG4. Last but not least makers of ropes must evaluate precisely the remaining operational life of your mooring lines. All testing will be done according to the latest OCIMF & ISO/CI standards. Your mooring lines & mooring tails must to replacement with strength not less 75% of SDMBL strength.
Benefit / Results
Reduce your operational costs by improving the working life of mooring lines
Reduce mooring operation risks by preventing incidents
Improve your safety by trusting the monitoring of your lines to the experts
Capt. Vasilis Giannopoulos
Marketing Manager & Head of Sales
Katradis Marine Rope Ind. SA